New Delhi, April 04, 2018: Per-capita Government spending on education of every student in the country, primary, secondary and higher education-wise for the last five years is given below:
|Year||Primary Education||Secondary Education||Higher Education|
Source: (i) DISE Flash Statistics-NIEPA, for enrolment in primary & secondary (ii) AISHE-
Report for enrolment in Higher Education and (iii) Analysis of Budgeted Expenditure on
Education- MHRD, for figures on expenditure.
With the devolution of more funds to the States as recommended by the 14th Finance Commission, States have been advised to prioritize allocating of funds to Education sector.
The priorities areas of Government on education during 12th Five Year Plan (2012-17) was focus on expansion, equity and excellence with greater emphasis on quality of higher education mainly by setting up of new institutions, greater emphasis on funding of State institutions to improve infrastructural facilities.
Government is implementing various schemes for education sector, the major schemes are Sarva Shiksa Abhiyan (SSA), under which financial assistance to the States and UTs are provided for additional teachers. Under Rashtriya Madhyamik Siksha Abhiyan (RMSA) scheme, financial assistance is provided to the States/UTs for opening of New Government secondary schools and for development of infrastructure. During the Twelfth Five Year Plan, a new scheme called the Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) has been approved which aims to achieve equity, access and excellence in higher education. The scheme supports components such as upgrading autonomous colleges to universities, clustering colleges to establish a university, setting up of new professional colleges in un-served and underserved areas as well as providing infrastructure grants to universities and colleges to scale up capacity.
Further, Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA) has been set up by the Government
to mobilize funds from the market as per requirements of the centrally funded higher
educational institutions. The Budget 2018-19 has announced to raise Rs. 1,00,000 crore through HEFA to fund education institute to fast track research & academic infrastructure.
This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Dr. Satya Pal Singh today in a written reply to a Lok Sabha question.